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\/\u003E\u003C\/head\u003E\u003Cbody\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022panels-ajax-tab-panel panels-ajax-tab-panel-jnl-template-cob-tab-art\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022panel-display panel-1col clearfix\u0022 \u003E\n \u003Cdiv class=\u0022panel-panel panel-col\u0022\u003E\n \u003Cdiv\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022panel-pane pane-highwire-markup article-heading\u0022 \u003E\n \n \n \n \u003Cdiv class=\u0022pane-content\u0022\u003E\n \u003Cdiv class=\u0022highwire-markup\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv xmlns=\u0022http:\/\/www.w3.org\/1999\/xhtml\u0022 id=\u0022content-block-markup\u0022 data-highwire-cite-ref-tooltip-instance=\u0022highwire_reflinks_tooltip\u0022 xmlns:xhtml=\u0022http:\/\/www.w3.org\/1999\/xhtml\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022article fulltext-view \u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022highwire-journal-article-marker-start\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022section abstract\u0022 id=\u0022abstract-1\u0022\u003E\u003Ch2 class=\u0022\u0022\u003EABSTRACT\u003C\/h2\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-3\u0022\u003EPrey vary dramatically in quality, and maternal diet is generally assumed to substantially influence offspring survivorship, growth, and reproduction in spiders. Numerous studies that have tested this hypothesis have focused exclusively on parental generation or have considered relatively few fitness components of juvenile offspring. However, maternal diet may have a substantial effect on fitness performance beyond juvenile offspring. Here, we investigated the influence of one-time maternal feeding on multiple offspring fitness components, including the survival rate and growth of juvenile offspring as well as the mating and reproductive success of adult offspring in \u003Cem\u003EHylyphantes graminicola\u003C\/em\u003E, a sheetweb spider with an extremely short lifespan (\u223c1\u2005month). We fed field-collected adult female spiders two different diets only once immediately before oviposition: midges (\u003Cem\u003ETendipes\u003C\/em\u003E sp.) only (MO) or flies (\u003Cem\u003EDrosophila melanogaster\u003C\/em\u003E) only (FO). Juvenile offspring of MO females had significantly higher survival rate, faster growth, and larger male size at maturity than FO offspring. Although maternal diet did not significantly influence mating behavior or fecundity of female offspring overall, those of MO females laid eggs earlier and their eggs also hatched earlier and had a higher hatching rate than those of FO females. Intriguingly, one-time maternal feeding was sufficient to have such an influence on offspring fitness even beyond juvenile offspring in \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E. This one-time maternal effect may be widespread in other spiders and other invertebrates with a short lifespan.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-4\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1242\/bio.057521\u0022\u003EThis article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/p\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022section intro\u0022 id=\u0022sec-1\u0022\u003E\u003Ch2 class=\u0022\u0022\u003EINTRODUCTION\u003C\/h2\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-6\u0022\u003ESpiders are one of the most diverse and abundant generalist predators (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-36-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-36\u0022\u003EWilder, 2011\u003C\/a\u003E). The often limited prey (in both quantity and quality) in nature has a crucial impact on spider survival, growth, and reproduction (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-39-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-39\u0022\u003EWise, 2006\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-36-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-36\u0022\u003EWilder, 2011\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-31-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-31\u0022\u003EToft, 2013\u003C\/a\u003E). Previous studies that have mainly focused on the effects of a particular prey species on spider fitness performance revealed that spider fitness varied substantially depending on the prey species (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-14-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-14\u0022\u003ELi and Jackson, 1996a\u003C\/a\u003E,\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-15-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-15\u0022\u003Eb\u003C\/a\u003E, \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-16-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-16\u0022\u003E1997\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-2-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-2\u0022\u003EBilde and Toft, 2000\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-27-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-27\u0022\u003ESigsgaard et al., 2001\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-24-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-24\u0022\u003ERickers et al., 2006\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-36-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-36\u0022\u003EWilder, 2011\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-31-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-31\u0022\u003EToft, 2013\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-17-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-17\u0022\u003EL\u00edznarov\u00e1 and Pek\u00e1r, 2016\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-26-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-26\u0022\u003ESalomon et al., 2011\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-36-4\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-36\u0022\u003EWilder, 2011\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-31-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-31\u0022\u003EToft, 2013\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-13-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-13\u0022\u003EJohnson et al., 2014\u003C\/a\u003E). For example, linyphiid spiders (\u003Cem\u003EErigone atra\u003C\/em\u003E) had a higher survivorship and growth rate when raised on \u003Cem\u003EIsotoma anglicana\u003C\/em\u003E collembolas than those raised on \u003Cem\u003EFolsomia fimetaria\u003C\/em\u003E collembolas (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-19-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-19\u0022\u003EMarcussen et al., 1999\u003C\/a\u003E). In addition, wolf spiders (\u003Cem\u003ESchizocosa\u003C\/em\u003E) grew slowly and even died when raised on \u003Cem\u003EF\u003C\/em\u003E\u003Cem\u003Eolsomia\u003C\/em\u003E \u003Cem\u003Ecandid\u003C\/em\u003E\u003Cem\u003Ea\u003C\/em\u003E collembolas, but had a high survival rate and grew more rapidly when raised on \u003Cem\u003ETomocerus bidentatus\u003C\/em\u003E collembolas (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-32-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-32\u0022\u003EToft and Wise, 1999\u003C\/a\u003E). These studies suggest that different prey species may differ in terms of the nutrients that are utilizable and beneficial for any given spider species, thus showing differential influences on spider fitness (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-36-5\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-36\u0022\u003EWilder, 2011\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-31-4\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-31\u0022\u003EToft, 2013\u003C\/a\u003E).\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-7\u0022\u003EAt the same time, however, any given species of prey may vary in quality for a single spider species, depending on the developmental stage of a spider, because different stages may require different critical nutrients (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-29-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-29\u0022\u003EToft, 1995\u003C\/a\u003E, \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-30-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-30\u0022\u003E2005\u003C\/a\u003E, \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-31-5\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-31\u0022\u003E2013\u003C\/a\u003E). For example, fruit flies (\u003Cem\u003EDrosophila melanogaster\u003C\/em\u003E) are the most common prey used to raise spiders in laboratories and to evaluate the influence of prey quality (e.g. macronutrients) on spider fitness performance, and previous studies have demonstrated that fly quality varies dramatically by life stage of many spider species (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-32-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-32\u0022\u003EToft and Wise, 1999\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-21-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-21\u0022\u003EOelbermann and Scheu, 2002\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-22-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-22\u0022\u003EPeng et al., 2013\u003C\/a\u003E). For instance, the flies tend to be suitable for the growth of early instars but not later stages: over time, spiders grow more slowly and may even cease growth and die during molting (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-18-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-18\u0022\u003ELowrie, 1987\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-32-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-32\u0022\u003EToft and Wise, 1999\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-10-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-10\u0022\u003EHiggins and Rankin, 2001\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-20-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-20\u0022\u003EMayntz and Toft, 2001\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-21-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-21\u0022\u003EOelbermann and Scheu, 2002\u003C\/a\u003E). This suggests that spiders may require different species of prey or a mixture of different species to obtain critical nutrients or attain a balance of nutrients during the different developmental stages (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-8-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-8\u0022\u003EGreenstone, 1979\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-20-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-20\u0022\u003EMayntz and Toft, 2001\u003C\/a\u003E). For this reason, previous studies have primarily focused on spider survivorship and growth of the current generation.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-8\u0022\u003EThe prey on which mother spiders feed (i.e. maternal diet) have substantial effects on the fitness of juvenile offspring (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-37-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-37\u0022\u003EWilder and Rypstra, 2008\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-26-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-26\u0022\u003ESalomon et al., 2011\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-36-6\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-36\u0022\u003EWilder, 2011\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-31-6\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-31\u0022\u003EToft, 2013\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-13-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-13\u0022\u003EJohnson et al., 2014\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-38-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-38\u0022\u003EWilder and Schneider, 2017\u003C\/a\u003E). For example, in an orb-web spider (\u003Cem\u003EArgiope bruennichi\u003C\/em\u003E), juvenile offspring of females whose diet was supplemented with essential amino acids survived longer than those of other treatments (i.e. water control, dietary essential fatty acids, nonessential amino and fatty acids) (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-38-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-38\u0022\u003EWilder and Schneider, 2017\u003C\/a\u003E). \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-24-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-24\u0022\u003ERickers and colleagues (2006)\u003C\/a\u003E investigated the reproduction of female wolf spiders (\u003Cem\u003EPardosa lugubris\u003C\/em\u003E) that had fed on prey of different qualities using stable isotope analyses. Their results suggested that dietary nutrients can be routed almost exclusively to eggs. Interestingly, toxic collembolas (\u003Cem\u003EF\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Ecandida\u003C\/em\u003E) even prevented female spiders from absorbing and assimilating the nutrients from nontoxic prey (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-24-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-24\u0022\u003ERickers et al., 2006\u003C\/a\u003E). In a linyphiid spider (\u003Cem\u003EErigone atra\u003C\/em\u003E), the body size of hatchlings varied dramatically with maternal diet (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-29-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-29\u0022\u003EToft, 1995\u003C\/a\u003E). In another linyphiid spider, \u003Cem\u003EDicymbium brevisetosum\u003C\/em\u003E, survivorship of offspring of females raised on normal fruit flies (reared on plain medium) was lower than that of offspring of females that were raised on enriched fruit flies (reared on nutritionally improved medium) (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-2-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-2\u0022\u003EBilde and Toft, 2000\u003C\/a\u003E). These studies highlight that the influence of prey on spider fitness cannot be fully understood without taking the effects of maternal diet on offspring fitness into account (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-2-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-2\u0022\u003EBilde and Toft, 2000\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-26-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-26\u0022\u003ESalomon et al., 2011\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-13-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-13\u0022\u003EJohnson et al., 2014\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-38-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-38\u0022\u003EWilder and Schneider, 2017\u003C\/a\u003E). However, previous studies have only investigated the effect of maternal diet on one or a few offspring fitness components and have rarely explored beyond juvenile stages of offspring.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-9\u0022\u003EIn this study, we investigated the effects of maternal diet on multiple fitness-related consequences of offspring including the impacts on adult offspring. We used a sheetweb spider, \u003Cem\u003EHylyphantes graminicola\u003C\/em\u003E, as a model system, and considered survivorship and growth of juvenile offspring as well as mating success and reproduction of adult offspring. \u003Cem\u003EHylyphantes graminicola\u003C\/em\u003E (Araneae: Linyphiidae) is distributed widely in Asia and is one of the most important natural enemies of insect pests in agricultural ecosystems (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-40-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-40\u0022\u003EZhao, 1993\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-22-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-22\u0022\u003EPeng et al., 2013\u003C\/a\u003E). It is a generalist predator with a very small body size (body length: 2\u20134\u2005mm) and an extremely short life cycle (from egg-laying to sexual maturation: \u223c1\u2005month under an optimal range of temperatures) (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-40-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-40\u0022\u003EZhao, 1993\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-14-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-14\u0022\u003ELi and Jackson, 1996a\u003C\/a\u003E,\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-15-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-15\u0022\u003Eb\u003C\/a\u003E). Females usually undergo five instars to reach sexual maturity and the last instar takes about less than 1\u2005week. Mated females usually lay their eggs in a week (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-40-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-40\u0022\u003EZhao, 1993\u003C\/a\u003E). Previous observations have suggested that \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E juvenile offspring have an extremely high survivorship when their mothers are fed midges (\u003Cem\u003ETendipes\u003C\/em\u003E) (unpublished data). Because \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E has a very short life cycle and adult females can lay eggs shortly after mating (in 5\u2005days; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-40-4\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-40\u0022\u003EZhao, 1993\u003C\/a\u003E), we hypothesized that one-time feeding by adult females immediately before oviposition with high-quality prey would be sufficient to influence offspring fitness performance. We tested this hypothesis by feeding field-collected adult females with midges (\u003Cem\u003ETendipes\u003C\/em\u003E sp.) only (MO) or fruit flies (\u003Cem\u003ED\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Emelanogaster\u003C\/em\u003E) only (FO), and only once.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022section results\u0022 id=\u0022sec-2\u0022\u003E\u003Ch2 class=\u0022\u0022\u003ERESULTS\u003C\/h2\u003E\u003Cdiv id=\u0022sec-3\u0022 class=\u0022subsection\u0022\u003E\u003Ch3\u003EJuvenile offspring survival rate and developmental duration\u003C\/h3\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-10\u0022\u003EThe percentage of first-instar juvenile offspring that survived to maturity differed between the two maternal diet groups (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-fig-1-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-fig\u0022 href=\u0022#F1\u0022\u003EFig.\u00a01\u003C\/a\u003E), being significantly higher for MO offspring (100%) than for FO offspring (94%) (log-rank \u003Cem\u003E\u03c7\u003C\/em\u003E\u003Csup\u003E2\u003C\/sup\u003E=8.40, d.f.=1, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.004).\n\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cdiv id=\u0022F1\u0022 class=\u0022fig pos-float odd\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022highwire-figure\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022fig-inline-img-wrapper\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022fig-inline-img\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F1.large.jpg?width=800\u0026amp;height=600\u0026amp;carousel=1\u0022 title=\u0022The survivoship (%) of H. graminicola juvenile offspring reared on the two maternal diets. Kaplan\u0026#x2013;Meier survival curve of the independent effect of a maternal diet comprising fruit flies only (D. melanogaster, N=126) or midges only (Tendipes sp., N=170) on the survival rate of H. graminicola juvenile offspring (log-rank test: \u0026#x3C7;2=8.40, d.f.=1, P=0.004).\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-fragment fragment-images colorbox-load\u0022 rel=\u0022gallery-fragment-images-1855847948\u0022 data-figure-caption=\u0022\u0026lt;div class=\u0026quot;highwire-markup\u0026quot;\u0026gt;\u0026lt;div xmlns=\u0026quot;http:\/\/www.w3.org\/1999\/xhtml\u0026quot;\u0026gt;\u0026lt;strong\u0026gt;The survivoship (%) of \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;H. graminicola\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt; juvenile offspring reared on the two maternal diets.\u0026lt;\/strong\u0026gt; Kaplan\u0026#x2013;Meier survival curve of the independent effect of a maternal diet comprising fruit flies only (\u0026lt;em\u0026gt;D\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;. \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;melanogaster\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;, \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=126) or midges only (\u0026lt;em\u0026gt;Tendipes\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt; sp., \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=170) on the survival rate of \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;H\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;\u0026lt;em\u0026gt;.\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt; \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;graminicola\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt; juvenile offspring (log-rank test: \u0026#x3C7;\u0026lt;sup\u0026gt;2\u0026lt;\/sup\u0026gt;=8.40, d.f.=1, \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;P\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=0.004).\u0026lt;\/div\u0026gt;\u0026lt;\/div\u0026gt;\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022hw-responsive-img\u0022\u003E\u003Cimg class=\u0022highwire-fragment fragment-image lazyload\u0022 alt=\u0022Fig. 1.\u0022 src=\u0022data:image\/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP\/\/\/yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7\u0022 data-src=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F1.medium.gif\u0022 width=\u0022440\u0022 height=\u0022324\u0022\/\u003E\u003Cnoscript\u003E\u003Cimg class=\u0022highwire-fragment fragment-image\u0022 alt=\u0022Fig. 1.\u0022 src=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F1.medium.gif\u0022 width=\u0022440\u0022 height=\u0022324\u0022\/\u003E\u003C\/noscript\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cul class=\u0022highwire-figure-links inline\u0022\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022download-fig first\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F1.large.jpg?download=true\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-figure-link highwire-figure-link-download\u0022 title=\u0022Download Fig. 1.\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EDownload figure\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022new-tab\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F1.large.jpg\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-figure-link highwire-figure-link-newtab\u0022 target=\u0022_blank\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EOpen in new tab\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022download-ppt last\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/highwire\/powerpoint\/1265878\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-figure-link highwire-figure-link-ppt\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EDownload powerpoint\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ul\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022fig-caption\u0022 xmlns:xhtml=\u0022http:\/\/www.w3.org\/1999\/xhtml\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022fig-label\u0022\u003EFig. 1.\u003C\/span\u003E \u003Cp id=\u0022p-11\u0022 class=\u0022first-child\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003EThe survivoship (%) of \u003Cem\u003EH. graminicola\u003C\/em\u003E juvenile offspring reared on the two maternal diets.\u003C\/strong\u003E Kaplan\u2013Meier survival curve of the independent effect of a maternal diet comprising fruit flies only (\u003Cem\u003ED\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Emelanogaster\u003C\/em\u003E, \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=126) or midges only (\u003Cem\u003ETendipes\u003C\/em\u003E sp., \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=170) on the survival rate of \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E\u003Cem\u003E.\u003C\/em\u003E \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E juvenile offspring (log-rank test: \u03c7\u003Csup\u003E2\u003C\/sup\u003E=8.40, d.f.=1, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.004).\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022sb-div caption-clear\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-12\u0022\u003EMother identity as a random effect had no significant effects on juvenile offspring developmental time as the model without the random effects fitted better than the model with the random effects (\u003Cem\u003E\u03c7\u003C\/em\u003E\u003Csup\u003E2\u003C\/sup\u003E=9.31, d.f.=1, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.002) (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-table-wrap-1-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-table\u0022 href=\u0022#T1\u0022\u003ETable\u00a01\u003C\/a\u003E). Overall, male offspring reached sexual maturity significantly earlier than females (\u003Cem\u003E\u03b2\u003C\/em\u003E=\u22120.06, \u003Cem\u003Et\u003C\/em\u003E=\u22123.50, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.005; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-fig-2-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-fig\u0022 href=\u0022#F2\u0022\u003EFig.\u00a02\u003C\/a\u003EA). In group comparisons, MO offspring reached maturity significantly earlier than the other group (\u003Cem\u003E\u03b2\u003C\/em\u003E=0.05, \u003Cem\u003Et\u003C\/em\u003E=\u22122.06, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.049; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-fig-2-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-fig\u0022 href=\u0022#F2\u0022\u003EFig.\u00a02\u003C\/a\u003EA). However, there was no significant interaction between maternal diet and sex (\u003Cem\u003E\u03c7\u003C\/em\u003E\u003Csup\u003E2\u003C\/sup\u003E=2.46, d.f.=1, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.117) (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-fig-2-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-fig\u0022 href=\u0022#F2\u0022\u003EFig.\u00a02\u003C\/a\u003EA) (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-table-wrap-1-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-table\u0022 href=\u0022#T1\u0022\u003ETable\u00a01\u003C\/a\u003E).\n\n\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cdiv id=\u0022T1\u0022 class=\u0022table pos-float\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022table-inline table-callout-links\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022callout\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EView this table:\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cul class=\u0022callout-links\u0022\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022view-inline first\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022##\u0022 class=\u0022table-expand-inline\u0022 data-table-url=\u0022\/highwire\/markup\/1265879\/expansion?postprocessors=highwire_tables%2Chighwire_reclass%2Chighwire_figures%2Chighwire_math%2Chighwire_inline_linked_media%2Chighwire_embed\u0026amp;table-expand-inline=1\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EView inline\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022view-popup\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/highwire\/markup\/1265879\/expansion?width=1000\u0026amp;height=500\u0026amp;iframe=true\u0026amp;postprocessors=highwire_tables%2Chighwire_reclass%2Chighwire_figures%2Chighwire_math%2Chighwire_inline_linked_media%2Chighwire_embed\u0022 class=\u0022colorbox colorbox-load table-expand-popup\u0022 rel=\u0022gallery-fragment-tables\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EView popup\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022download-ppt last\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/highwire\/powerpoint\/1265879\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-figure-link highwire-figure-link-ppt\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EDownload powerpoint\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ul\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022table-caption\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022table-label\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003ETable\u00a01.\u003C\/strong\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E \u003Cp id=\u0022p-13\u0022 class=\u0022first-child\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003ELinear mixed-effect model showing the effects of maternal diet (midges-only, flies-only) and sex on the juvenile offspring developmental time (day) of \u003Cem\u003EH. graminicola\u003C\/em\u003E\u003C\/strong\u003E\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022sb-div caption-clear\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv id=\u0022F2\u0022 class=\u0022fig pos-float odd\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022highwire-figure\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022fig-inline-img-wrapper\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022fig-inline-img\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F2.large.jpg?width=800\u0026amp;height=600\u0026amp;carousel=1\u0022 title=\u0022(A) Boxplots of the developmental duration (d) (midge only: N=126; fly only: N=159) and (B) mean (\u0026#xB1;s.e.) carapace width (mm) (midge only: N=50; fly only: N=127) of H. graminicola offspring juveniles. Female spiders were fed once on midges (Tendipes sp.) or fruit flies (D. melanogaster) immediately before oviposition. Offspring juveniles were fed fruit flies.\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-fragment fragment-images colorbox-load\u0022 rel=\u0022gallery-fragment-images-1855847948\u0022 data-figure-caption=\u0022\u0026lt;div class=\u0026quot;highwire-markup\u0026quot;\u0026gt;\u0026lt;div xmlns=\u0026quot;http:\/\/www.w3.org\/1999\/xhtml\u0026quot;\u0026gt;\u0026lt;strong\u0026gt;(A) Boxplots of the developmental duration (d) (midge only: \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=126; fly only: \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=159) and (B) mean (\u0026#xB1;s.e.) carapace width (mm) (midge only: \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=50; fly only: \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=127) of \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;H\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;\u0026lt;em\u0026gt;.\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt; \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;graminicola\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt; offspring juveniles.\u0026lt;\/strong\u0026gt; Female spiders were fed once on midges (\u0026lt;em\u0026gt;Tendipes\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt; sp.) or fruit flies (\u0026lt;em\u0026gt;D\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;\u0026lt;em\u0026gt;.\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt; \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;melanogaster\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;) immediately before oviposition. Offspring juveniles were fed fruit flies.\u0026lt;\/div\u0026gt;\u0026lt;\/div\u0026gt;\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022hw-responsive-img\u0022\u003E\u003Cimg class=\u0022highwire-fragment fragment-image lazyload\u0022 alt=\u0022Fig. 2.\u0022 src=\u0022data:image\/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP\/\/\/yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7\u0022 data-src=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F2.medium.gif\u0022 width=\u0022340\u0022 height=\u0022440\u0022\/\u003E\u003Cnoscript\u003E\u003Cimg class=\u0022highwire-fragment fragment-image\u0022 alt=\u0022Fig. 2.\u0022 src=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F2.medium.gif\u0022 width=\u0022340\u0022 height=\u0022440\u0022\/\u003E\u003C\/noscript\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cul class=\u0022highwire-figure-links inline\u0022\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022download-fig first\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F2.large.jpg?download=true\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-figure-link highwire-figure-link-download\u0022 title=\u0022Download Fig. 2.\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EDownload figure\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022new-tab\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F2.large.jpg\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-figure-link highwire-figure-link-newtab\u0022 target=\u0022_blank\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EOpen in new tab\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022download-ppt last\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/highwire\/powerpoint\/1265880\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-figure-link highwire-figure-link-ppt\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EDownload powerpoint\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ul\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022fig-caption\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022fig-label\u0022\u003EFig. 2.\u003C\/span\u003E \u003Cp id=\u0022p-14\u0022 class=\u0022first-child\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003E(A) Boxplots of the developmental duration (d) (midge only: \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=126; fly only: \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=159) and (B) mean (\u00b1s.e.) carapace width (mm) (midge only: \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=50; fly only: \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=127) of \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E\u003Cem\u003E.\u003C\/em\u003E \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E offspring juveniles.\u003C\/strong\u003E Female spiders were fed once on midges (\u003Cem\u003ETendipes\u003C\/em\u003E sp.) or fruit flies (\u003Cem\u003ED\u003C\/em\u003E\u003Cem\u003E.\u003C\/em\u003E \u003Cem\u003Emelanogaster\u003C\/em\u003E) immediately before oviposition. Offspring juveniles were fed fruit flies.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022sb-div caption-clear\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-15\u0022\u003ESimilarly, mother identity had no significant effects on the body size of offspring at sexual maturity as the model without the random effects was better than the model with the random effects (\u003Cem\u003E\u03c7\u003C\/em\u003E\u003Csup\u003E2\u003C\/sup\u003E=12.79, d.f.=1, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E\u0026lt;0.001) (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-table-wrap-2-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-table\u0022 href=\u0022#T2\u0022\u003ETable\u00a02\u003C\/a\u003E). Sex (\u003Cem\u003E\u03b2\u003C\/em\u003E=\u22120.051, \u003Cem\u003Et\u003C\/em\u003E=\u22125.13, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E\u0026lt;0.001) and the interaction between maternal diet and sex (\u003Cem\u003E\u03b2\u003C\/em\u003E=0.05, \u003Cem\u003Et\u003C\/em\u003E=2.55, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.012), but not maternal diet (\u003Cem\u003E\u03b2\u003C\/em\u003E=\u22120.01, \u003Cem\u003Et\u003C\/em\u003E=\u22120.34, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.734), had significant effects on the body size of offspring at sexual maturity (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-fig-2-4\u0022 class=\u0022xref-fig\u0022 href=\u0022#F2\u0022\u003EFig.\u00a02\u003C\/a\u003EB) (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-table-wrap-2-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-table\u0022 href=\u0022#T2\u0022\u003ETable\u00a02\u003C\/a\u003E). Female offspring were significantly larger than males in the FO group (\u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E\u0026lt;0.001), but there was no significant difference in body size between the sexes within the MO group (\u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.632). There was no significant difference in female offspring body size at maturity between the two maternal diet groups (\u003Cem\u003EP=\u003C\/em\u003E0.844), but there was significant difference in male offspring body size at maturity between the two maternal diet groups (\u003Cem\u003EP=\u003C\/em\u003E0.003).\n\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cdiv id=\u0022T2\u0022 class=\u0022table pos-float\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022table-inline table-callout-links\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022callout\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EView this table:\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cul class=\u0022callout-links\u0022\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022view-inline first\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022##\u0022 class=\u0022table-expand-inline\u0022 data-table-url=\u0022\/highwire\/markup\/1265875\/expansion?postprocessors=highwire_tables%2Chighwire_reclass%2Chighwire_figures%2Chighwire_math%2Chighwire_inline_linked_media%2Chighwire_embed\u0026amp;table-expand-inline=1\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EView inline\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022view-popup\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/highwire\/markup\/1265875\/expansion?width=1000\u0026amp;height=500\u0026amp;iframe=true\u0026amp;postprocessors=highwire_tables%2Chighwire_reclass%2Chighwire_figures%2Chighwire_math%2Chighwire_inline_linked_media%2Chighwire_embed\u0022 class=\u0022colorbox colorbox-load table-expand-popup\u0022 rel=\u0022gallery-fragment-tables\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EView popup\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022download-ppt last\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/highwire\/powerpoint\/1265875\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-figure-link highwire-figure-link-ppt\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EDownload powerpoint\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ul\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022table-caption\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022table-label\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003ETable\u00a02.\u003C\/strong\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E \u003Cp id=\u0022p-16\u0022 class=\u0022first-child\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003ELinear mixed-effect model showing the effects of maternal diet (midges-only, flies-only) and sex on the carapace width (body size) of offspring at maturity in \u003Cem\u003EH. graminicola\u003C\/em\u003E\u003C\/strong\u003E\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022sb-div caption-clear\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv id=\u0022sec-4\u0022 class=\u0022subsection\u0022\u003E\u003Ch3\u003EMating and reproduction of adult offspring\u003C\/h3\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-17\u0022\u003EMaternal diet did not have a significant effect on mating success (chi-square test for independence: \u003Cem\u003E\u03c7\u003C\/em\u003E\u003Csup\u003E2\u003C\/sup\u003E=0.009, d.f. =1, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.925), mating latency (Wilcoxon rank sum test: \u003Cem\u003EW=\u003C\/em\u003E1686, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.174), copulation duration (\u003Cem\u003EW\u003C\/em\u003E=1499, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.832), or the number of mating bouts (\u003Cem\u003EW\u003C\/em\u003E =1423, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.785) (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-table-wrap-3-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-table\u0022 href=\u0022#T3\u0022\u003ETable\u00a03\u003C\/a\u003E). There were no significant differences in propensity to oviposit between the two maternal diet groups (\u003Cem\u003E\u03c7\u003C\/em\u003E\u003Csup\u003E2\u003C\/sup\u003E=2.18, d.f.=1, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.140; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-fig-3-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-fig\u0022 href=\u0022#F3\u0022\u003EFig.\u00a03\u003C\/a\u003EA). However, female offspring from the MO group laid eggs significantly earlier (\u003Cem\u003EW\u003C\/em\u003E=1341, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.014; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-fig-3-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-fig\u0022 href=\u0022#F3\u0022\u003EFig.\u00a03\u003C\/a\u003ED) and their eggs also hatched significantly earlier (\u003Cem\u003EW\u003C\/em\u003E=704, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E\u0026lt;0.001; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-fig-3-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-fig\u0022 href=\u0022#F3\u0022\u003EFig.\u00a03\u003C\/a\u003EC) than those from the FO group. Meanwhile, more female offspring from the MO group produced viable egg sacs than those from the FO group (\u003Cem\u003E\u03c7\u003C\/em\u003E\u003Csup\u003E2\u003C\/sup\u003E=10.61, d.f.=1, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.001; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-fig-3-4\u0022 class=\u0022xref-fig\u0022 href=\u0022#F3\u0022\u003EFig.\u00a03\u003C\/a\u003EB). Although the fecundity of female offspring was not significantly different between the two diet groups (\u003Cem\u003EW\u003C\/em\u003E=809, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E=0.081; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-table-wrap-4-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-table\u0022 href=\u0022#T4\u0022\u003ETable\u00a04\u003C\/a\u003E), more eggs produced by female offspring from the MO group hatched (\u003Cem\u003EW\u003C\/em\u003E=365, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E\u0026lt;0.001; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-table-wrap-4-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-table\u0022 href=\u0022#T4\u0022\u003ETable\u00a04\u003C\/a\u003E) with a higher hatching rate (\u003Cem\u003EW\u003C\/em\u003E=361, \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E\u0026lt;0.001; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-table-wrap-4-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-table\u0022 href=\u0022#T4\u0022\u003ETable\u00a04\u003C\/a\u003E) than those produced by female offspring from the FO group.\n\n\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cdiv id=\u0022T3\u0022 class=\u0022table pos-float\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022table-inline table-callout-links\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022callout\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EView this table:\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cul class=\u0022callout-links\u0022\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022view-inline first\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022##\u0022 class=\u0022table-expand-inline\u0022 data-table-url=\u0022\/highwire\/markup\/1265881\/expansion?postprocessors=highwire_tables%2Chighwire_reclass%2Chighwire_figures%2Chighwire_math%2Chighwire_inline_linked_media%2Chighwire_embed\u0026amp;table-expand-inline=1\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EView inline\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022view-popup\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/highwire\/markup\/1265881\/expansion?width=1000\u0026amp;height=500\u0026amp;iframe=true\u0026amp;postprocessors=highwire_tables%2Chighwire_reclass%2Chighwire_figures%2Chighwire_math%2Chighwire_inline_linked_media%2Chighwire_embed\u0022 class=\u0022colorbox colorbox-load table-expand-popup\u0022 rel=\u0022gallery-fragment-tables\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EView popup\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022download-ppt last\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/highwire\/powerpoint\/1265881\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-figure-link highwire-figure-link-ppt\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EDownload powerpoint\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ul\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022table-caption\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022table-label\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003ETable. 3.\u003C\/strong\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E \u003Cp id=\u0022p-18\u0022 class=\u0022first-child\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003EMean (\u00b1s.e.) mating latency (duration required for a mating pair to initiate copulation), copulation duration, and number of mating bouts in two maternal diet groups (midges-only, flies-only) of\u003C\/strong\u003E \u003Cstrong\u003E\u003Cem\u003EH. graminicola\u003C\/em\u003E\u003C\/strong\u003E\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022sb-div caption-clear\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv id=\u0022F3\u0022 class=\u0022fig pos-float odd\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022highwire-figure\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022fig-inline-img-wrapper\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022fig-inline-img\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F3.large.jpg?width=800\u0026amp;height=600\u0026amp;carousel=1\u0022 title=\u0022Comparison of reproductive parameters of female offspring H. graminicola between the two maternal diet groups (MO; FO). (A) Propensity to oviposit (MO: N=39; FO: N=75); (B) percentage of hatched first egg sacs (number of first egg sacs that hatched\/total number of egg sacs produced; MO: N=35; FO, N=59); (C) egg stage in days (MO: N=28; FO: N=27); (D) pre-oviposition interval in days (MO: N=35; FO: N=59). Asterisks indicate significant differences.\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-fragment fragment-images colorbox-load\u0022 rel=\u0022gallery-fragment-images-1855847948\u0022 data-figure-caption=\u0022\u0026lt;div class=\u0026quot;highwire-markup\u0026quot;\u0026gt;\u0026lt;div xmlns=\u0026quot;http:\/\/www.w3.org\/1999\/xhtml\u0026quot;\u0026gt;\u0026lt;strong\u0026gt;Comparison of reproductive parameters of female offspring \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;H\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;\u0026lt;em\u0026gt;.\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt; \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;graminicola\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt; between the two maternal diet groups (MO; FO).\u0026lt;\/strong\u0026gt; (A) Propensity to oviposit (MO: \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=39; FO: \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=75); (B) percentage of hatched first egg sacs (number of first egg sacs that hatched\/total number of egg sacs produced; MO: \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=35; FO, \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=59); (C) egg stage in days (MO: \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=28; FO: \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=27); (D) pre-oviposition interval in days (MO: \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=35; FO: \u0026lt;em\u0026gt;N\u0026lt;\/em\u0026gt;=59). Asterisks indicate significant differences.\u0026lt;\/div\u0026gt;\u0026lt;\/div\u0026gt;\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022hw-responsive-img\u0022\u003E\u003Cimg class=\u0022highwire-fragment fragment-image lazyload\u0022 alt=\u0022Fig. 3.\u0022 src=\u0022data:image\/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP\/\/\/yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7\u0022 data-src=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F3.medium.gif\u0022 width=\u0022440\u0022 height=\u0022323\u0022\/\u003E\u003Cnoscript\u003E\u003Cimg class=\u0022highwire-fragment fragment-image\u0022 alt=\u0022Fig. 3.\u0022 src=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F3.medium.gif\u0022 width=\u0022440\u0022 height=\u0022323\u0022\/\u003E\u003C\/noscript\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cul class=\u0022highwire-figure-links inline\u0022\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022download-fig first\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F3.large.jpg?download=true\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-figure-link highwire-figure-link-download\u0022 title=\u0022Download Fig. 3.\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EDownload figure\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022new-tab\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/biolopen\/9\/11\/bio056846\/F3.large.jpg\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-figure-link highwire-figure-link-newtab\u0022 target=\u0022_blank\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EOpen in new tab\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022download-ppt last\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/highwire\/powerpoint\/1265876\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-figure-link highwire-figure-link-ppt\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EDownload powerpoint\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ul\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022fig-caption\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022fig-label\u0022\u003EFig. 3.\u003C\/span\u003E \u003Cp id=\u0022p-19\u0022 class=\u0022first-child\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003EComparison of reproductive parameters of female offspring \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E\u003Cem\u003E.\u003C\/em\u003E \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E between the two maternal diet groups (MO; FO).\u003C\/strong\u003E (A) Propensity to oviposit (MO: \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=39; FO: \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=75); (B) percentage of hatched first egg sacs (number of first egg sacs that hatched\/total number of egg sacs produced; MO: \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=35; FO, \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=59); (C) egg stage in days (MO: \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=28; FO: \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=27); (D) pre-oviposition interval in days (MO: \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=35; FO: \u003Cem\u003EN\u003C\/em\u003E=59). Asterisks indicate significant differences.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022sb-div caption-clear\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv id=\u0022T4\u0022 class=\u0022table pos-float\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022table-inline table-callout-links\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022callout\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EView this table:\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cul class=\u0022callout-links\u0022\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022view-inline first\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022##\u0022 class=\u0022table-expand-inline\u0022 data-table-url=\u0022\/highwire\/markup\/1265877\/expansion?postprocessors=highwire_tables%2Chighwire_reclass%2Chighwire_figures%2Chighwire_math%2Chighwire_inline_linked_media%2Chighwire_embed\u0026amp;table-expand-inline=1\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EView inline\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022view-popup\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/highwire\/markup\/1265877\/expansion?width=1000\u0026amp;height=500\u0026amp;iframe=true\u0026amp;postprocessors=highwire_tables%2Chighwire_reclass%2Chighwire_figures%2Chighwire_math%2Chighwire_inline_linked_media%2Chighwire_embed\u0022 class=\u0022colorbox colorbox-load table-expand-popup\u0022 rel=\u0022gallery-fragment-tables\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EView popup\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022download-ppt last\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/highwire\/powerpoint\/1265877\u0022 class=\u0022highwire-figure-link highwire-figure-link-ppt\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EDownload powerpoint\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ul\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022table-caption\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022table-label\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003ETable. 4.\u003C\/strong\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E \u003Cp id=\u0022p-20\u0022 class=\u0022first-child\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003EMean (\u00b1s.e.) fecundity, fertility and egg hatching rate for the first egg sac produced by offspring female \u003Cem\u003EH. graminicola\u003C\/em\u003E from the two maternal diet groups (midges-only, flies-only)\u003C\/strong\u003E\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022sb-div caption-clear\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022section discussion\u0022 id=\u0022sec-5\u0022\u003E\u003Ch2 class=\u0022\u0022\u003EDISCUSSION\u003C\/h2\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-21\u0022\u003EOur study supports the hypothesis that maternal diet has a strong influence on juvenile offspring survival, development rate, and size at maturity, as well as adult female offspring\u0027s reproductive output in the sheetweb spider \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E. Intriguingly, our study demonstrates that one-time feeding of field-collected adult female spiders immediately before oviposition is sufficient to influence offspring fitness across two generations. Even more, our results suggest that genetic background and offspring diet may not be the main factors influencing offspring survival, growth, and reproduction, as all spiders were collected from the same population and were randomly divided into the two maternal diet groups. In addition, our data analyses showed that mother identity included as a random effect in the models had no significant effects on offspring growth rate and the size at maturity. Furthermore, all offspring were raised on the same type and amount of fruit flies. Thus, the detected differences in offspring fitness components between the two groups resulted from the different maternal diets.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-22\u0022\u003ESpiders feed using extraoral digestion (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-7-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-7\u0022\u003ECohen, 1995\u003C\/a\u003E), which can effectively separate edible nutrients from inedible parts of prey and allow spiders to maximize their nutrient intake (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-36-7\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-36\u0022\u003EWilder, 2011\u003C\/a\u003E). Field-collected midges seem to be much more nutrient rich for \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E than laboratory-cultured fruit flies. Laboratory-raised fruit flies usually have very high levels of lipids in the abdomen and a considerable high-protein but inedible exoskeleton, whereas midges are rich in essential amino acids, which are crucial for molting during the later life stages of spiders (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-8-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-8\u0022\u003EGreenstone, 1979\u003C\/a\u003E). Female \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E may thus acquire much more protein with a better profile of essential amino acids from field-collected midges than laboratory-cultured fruit flies.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-23\u0022\u003EWith a very short life cycle and a very short pre-oviposition interval (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-40-5\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-40\u0022\u003EZhao, 1993\u003C\/a\u003E), adult \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E females may invest greatly in their offspring via eggs. There is growing evidence that female spiders can route dietary nutrients almost exclusively to egg production (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-24-4\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-24\u0022\u003ERickers et al., 2006\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-3-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-3\u0022\u003EBlamires, 2011\u003C\/a\u003E). \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-3-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-3\u0022\u003EBlamires (2011)\u003C\/a\u003E found that female spiders fed high-protein but low-energy flies produced eggs that had higher energy content than females fed low-protein but high-energy flies. Essential amino acids may thus provide crucial nutrients involved in allocating nutrients to eggs (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-38-4\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-38\u0022\u003EWilder and Schneider, 2017\u003C\/a\u003E). Hence, in our study, field-collected adult \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E females that acquired well-balanced nutrients may have obtained a much higher level of proteins and essential amino acids from midges, and then routed them to their eggs (the effects of which extended beyond eggs), although they fed only once before oviposition.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-24\u0022\u003ESpiders often die before maturing when raised on a diet composed of only one species (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-25-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-25\u0022\u003ERiechert and Harp, 1987\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-33-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-33\u0022\u003EUetz et al., 1992\u003C\/a\u003E). However, this did not happen in the present study. Approximately 94\u2013100% of juvenile offspring from both groups survived to maturity. We found that MO offspring had significantly higher survival rates than FO offspring. This suggests that a single quality feeding immediately before oviposition can transfer enough critical nutrients to the next generation. Several studies that have investigated the maternal effects on the survivorship of juvenile offspring have reported similar results (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-26-4\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-26\u0022\u003ESalomon et al., 2011\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-38-5\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-38\u0022\u003EWilder and Schneider, 2017\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-6-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-6\u0022\u003EChen et al., 2018\u003C\/a\u003E). These studies indicate that proteins and essential amino acids in consumed prey are positively related with spider survival. Thus, midges collected from the wild may provide certain critical nutrients that are absent in lab-cultured fruit flies, and thus support high survivorship in \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E. However, our study is different from previous studies in that previous studies have only examined the effects of maternal factors on offspring survival for only one or a few instars of development. We also considered the effects on adults.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-25\u0022\u003EWe found that MO offspring developed faster and attained larger size (in males) at maturity than FO offspring. \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-20-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-20\u0022\u003EMayntz and Toft (2001)\u003C\/a\u003E found that juvenile spiders grew much faster when fed a basic medium diet supplemented with 19 different amino acids, fatty acids, cholesterol, and commercial dog food. In \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-11-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-11\u0022\u003EJensen et al. (2011)\u003C\/a\u003E, prey containing high levels of protein shortened juvenile development time and increased body size in the wolf spider \u003Cem\u003EPardosa amentata\u003C\/em\u003E although the juveniles were observed for only a few instars. In the jumping spider \u003Cem\u003EPhidippus audax\u003C\/em\u003E, however, \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-35-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-35\u0022\u003EWiggins and Wilder (2018)\u003C\/a\u003E found that high-lipid prey was associated with larger body size (tibia\/patella length and posterior-lateral eye width) and heavier weight. In our experiments, the positive effects of mother diet on juvenile growth were mediated by some substances in midges after a single feeding. It is generally accepted that prey protein, rather than other nutrients, promotes spider growth (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-4-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-4\u0022\u003EBlamires et al., 2009\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-11-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-11\u0022\u003EJensen et al., 2011\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-36-8\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-36\u0022\u003EWilder, 2011\u003C\/a\u003E). Perhaps the midges provide much higher levels of essential amino acids or proteins for \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E than fruit flies. It should be noted that, in our study, only male offspring body size was markedly affected by maternal diet. This may be because male spiders usually eat less than females, and during our experiments all offspring were given equal amounts of food of the same quality.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-26\u0022\u003EOur study shows that MO daughters had significantly better reproductive success than FO daughters, with shorter pre-oviposition and latency to egg hatching and the production of more fertile and viable eggs. One possibility is that the midges provide offspring more proteins that promote their reproduction (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-3-3\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-3\u0022\u003EBlamires, 2011\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-5-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-5\u0022\u003EBressendorff and Toft, 2011\u003C\/a\u003E; \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-26-5\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-26\u0022\u003ESalomon et al., 2011\u003C\/a\u003E). For example, \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-37-2\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-37\u0022\u003EWilder and Rypstra (2008)\u003C\/a\u003E found that, although mating success and egg production of \u003Cem\u003EPardosa milvina\u003C\/em\u003E females are not significantly affected by diet quality, females produce egg sacs more quickly when reared on a high-quality (high nitrogen) diet. \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-24-5\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-24\u0022\u003ERickers et al. (2006)\u003C\/a\u003E used isotope tracer experiments to confirm the effective accumulation of nitrogen in egg sacs. Taken together, these results suggest that prey with high levels of protein may accelerate egg production. We expect that field-collected midges may provide more proteins than laboratory-cultured fruit flies. The further analysis of nutritional composition will thus be able to confirm this.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-27\u0022\u003EWe observed that MO daughters had higher fertility and egg hatching rates than FO daughters. Similar results were reported in the seven-spotted lady beetle \u003Cem\u003ECoccinella septempunctata\u003C\/em\u003E in a study by \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-34-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-34\u0022\u003EUgine et al. (2019)\u003C\/a\u003E, who concluded that cholesterol is indispensable for male lady beetles to produce sufficient viable sperm to inseminate females. The same may be true for male \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E. Spiders are unable to synthesize cholesterol \u003Cem\u003Ede novo\u003C\/em\u003E and only acquire it from their prey (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-12-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-12\u0022\u003EJing and Behmer, 2020\u003C\/a\u003E). The fruit flies in our experiment were cultured in a medium composed mainly of corn meal, sucrose, and yeast extract powder, which is most likely deficient in cholesterol. Hence, overall, we can ascribe all observed differences in reproduction parameters to the effects of maternal diet on male offspring. Male size seems to be positively correlated with the fertility of the females with which they mate, although this has not been thoroughly tested.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-28\u0022\u003EIn conclusion, the consumption of a single high-quality meal by a mother immediately before oviposition can have a lasting positive effect on the survival, growth and reproduction of offspring in \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E. More specifically to our study, these positive transgenerational effects suggest that supplementary feeding of midges is beneficial for mass breeding of \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E spiders.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022section methods\u0022 id=\u0022sec-6\u0022\u003E\u003Ch2 class=\u0022\u0022\u003EMATERIALS AND METHODS\u003C\/h2\u003E\u003Cdiv id=\u0022sec-7\u0022 class=\u0022subsection\u0022\u003E\u003Ch3\u003ECollection and manipulation of maternal diet\u003C\/h3\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-29\u0022\u003EWe collected \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E as adult females in June 2016 from a single corn field in Longmen Town (34\u00b034\u2032 N; 112\u00b029\u2032 E), Luoyang City, Henan Province, China. We did this because the mortality of laboratory-raised spiders after a few generations is usually high, whereas field-collected adult females from the same habitat would have similar genetic background and balanced nutrients, and thus should produce viable offspring. We brought them back to the laboratory and kept them individually in glass tubes (diameter\u00d7length: 20\u00d760\u2005mm). We housed all the spiders in an incubator with controlled environmental conditions (temperature: 25\u00b10.5\u00b0C; relative humidity: 60\u201380%; light regime: 14\u2005h:10\u2005h). We provided them with water \u003Cem\u003Ead libitum\u003C\/em\u003E using a piece of water-dampened sponge placed at the bottom of the glass tubes.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-30\u0022\u003ETo test the effects of one-time maternal diet on offspring fitness performance, we randomly assigned the collected spiders into two diet groups: FO and MO. On the second day of their collection, FO females (\u003Cem\u003En\u003C\/em\u003E=50) were fed 15\u2005mg (wet mass) fruit flies only and MO flies (\u003Cem\u003En\u003C\/em\u003E=40) were fed 15\u2005mg (wet mass) adult midges only. Each group was fed only one time immediately before oviposition as adult females are known to lay eggs in 5\u2005days after mating (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-40-6\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-40\u0022\u003EZhao, 1993\u003C\/a\u003E). Fruit flies were raised on corn medium and adult midges were caught locally. Most females laid their first egg sac within a week after their feeding, and their eggs hatched within a week. The randomly selected first egg sacs produced by the females from each diet group (MO: \u003Cem\u003En\u003C\/em\u003E=13; FO: \u003Cem\u003En\u003C\/em\u003E=8) provided the hatchlings for subsequent experiments.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv id=\u0022sec-8\u0022 class=\u0022subsection\u0022\u003E\u003Ch3\u003EOffspring survivorship and developmental time\u003C\/h3\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-31\u0022\u003ETo determine the influence of the one-time maternal feeding on offspring survival rate, developmental duration, and body size at sexual maturity, following hatching and dispersal, we isolated first instar spiderlings (for definition see \u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-9-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-9\u0022\u003EHallas, 1988\u003C\/a\u003E), kept them individually in glass tubes (20\u00d760\u2005mm) and divided them by maternal feeding group (MO, \u003Cem\u003En\u003C\/em\u003E=126; FO, \u003Cem\u003En\u003C\/em\u003E=170). All spiderlings were fed fruit flies every 4\u2005days except that the first instar spiderlings were fed frozen fruit flies because they had difficulty catching live flies. The rearing conditions for all spiderlings were identical (temperature: 25\u00b10.5\u00b0C; relative humidity: 60\u201380%; light regime: 14\u2005h:10\u2005h).\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-32\u0022\u003EWe monitored spiderling survival daily until sexual maturity. Because \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E has a very short life cycle, we did not calculate the survival rate or developmental duration for each instar. We calculated the offspring survival rate for the total juvenile period between the first instar and sexual maturity for each maternal diet group. Then survival was calculated as a percentage of the total number of individuals that survived to maturation. The total juvenile developmental duration (the time elapsed between the first instar and maturation) was recorded for each offspring individual in each group. We measured the carapace width (CW) at maturity for each individual under a microscope (Leica M205 C; Leica Microsystems GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany) to the nearest 0.01\u2005mm and used it as an indicator of size. Then offspring spiders from each group that reached sexual maturity were used in subsequent mating and reproduction experiments.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv id=\u0022sec-9\u0022 class=\u0022subsection\u0022\u003E\u003Ch3\u003EMating behavior and reproduction of adult offspring\u003C\/h3\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-33\u0022\u003ETo examine the effects of maternal diet on adult offspring mating behavior, we paired randomly selected females and males within the same group (MO: \u003Cem\u003En\u003C\/em\u003E=50; FO: \u003Cem\u003En\u003C\/em\u003E=97) when the post-maturation age of female offspring was 7\u201310\u2005days. We randomly selected a non-sibling male and introduced it gently into a female\u0027s rearing glass tube. If the pair did not mate within 15\u2005min, we considered the pairing a failure and gently removed the male to its original rearing tube. If the mating of the pair occurred within 15\u2005min, we recorded mating latency (the time elapsed between the start of the mating trial and the copulation), copulation duration, and number of mating bouts. During the mating trials, several pairs exhibited a repeating pattern with short separation and re-engagement, indicating multiple mating bouts occurring in a single trial. If the pair separated for more than 5\u2005min, we defined it as the end of the mating trial. If the pair separated for between 20\u2005s and 5\u2005min before the re-engagement, we recorded it as a new mating bout. In two cases, the females cannibalized the males before mating, the mating duration was less than 5\u2005min, and the male did not appear to insert his palps into the female epigynum. We considered these cases as mating failure. Although \u003Cem\u003EH\u003C\/em\u003E. \u003Cem\u003Egraminicola\u003C\/em\u003E is a polygamous species (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-40-7\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-40\u0022\u003EZhao, 1993\u003C\/a\u003E), we used each spider only once in mating trials.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-34\u0022\u003EAfter mating, mated females were individually transferred to a new glass tube and were fed four living fruit flies and maintained as described above. To examine the effects of maternal diet on the reproduction of these adult females, we recorded propensity to oviposit (the percentage of adult female offspring that oviposited), pre-oviposition interval (the time interval between mating and first egg sac production), egg stage (interval between the production of first egg sac and hatching of eggs), fecundity (total number of eggs within the first egg sac), fertility (number of hatched eggs within the first egg sac), and egg hatching rate (percentage of the number of hatched eggs versus total number of eggs) of the first egg sac produced by adult female offspring in each maternal diet group.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv id=\u0022sec-10\u0022 class=\u0022subsection\u0022\u003E\u003Ch3\u003EData analyses\u003C\/h3\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-35\u0022\u003EWe performed all statistical analyses using R version 4.0.0 (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-23-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-23\u0022\u003ER Core Team, 2020\u003C\/a\u003E). We checked for normality of data using the Shapiro-Wilk test before analyses. When necessary, we transformed the data to meet the assumption of a normal distribution. We used linear mixed-effects models from the \u003Cem\u003Elme4\u003C\/em\u003E package (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-1-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-1\u0022\u003EBates et al., 2015\u003C\/a\u003E) to test the effects of maternal diet and spider sex on the developmental duration and carapace width of female and male offspring at maturation. We used \u003Cem\u003Eafex\u003C\/em\u003E package (\u003Ca id=\u0022xref-ref-28-1\u0022 class=\u0022xref-bibr\u0022 href=\u0022#ref-28\u0022\u003ESingmann et al., 2016\u003C\/a\u003E) to obtain the \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E-values. We coded maternal diet treatment and offspring sex as fixed effects, and included the mother identity as a random effect. We then used likelihood ratio tests to investigate the significant differences in the developmental duration and carapace width by comparing the model with a random effect with the model without a random effect. If a significant effect was detected, then we performed \u003Cem\u003Epost hoc\u003C\/em\u003E paired comparisons with Bonferroni correction. We compared the survival rates of juvenile offspring between the two groups using the Kaplan\u2013Meier survival analysis and log rank test. We used chi-square tests for independence to compare mating success (percentage of successfully mated pairs) and propensity to oviposit, and egg sac hatching (egg sac hatched\/all egg sacs produced) between the two maternal diet groups. We also used Wilcoxon rank sum tests to determine the effects of maternal diet on mating latency, copulation duration, mating bouts, pre-oviposition interval, egg stage, fecundity, fertility, and egg hatching rate of adult offspring. All the values are reported as means\u00b1s.e. unless otherwise stated. All the reported \u003Cem\u003EP\u003C\/em\u003E-values are two-tailed at an \u03b1 level of 0.05. All essential data are available in supplementary material \u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/lookup\/doi\/10.1242\/bio.056846.supplemental\u0022\u003ETable\u00a0S1\u003C\/a\u003E.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022section ack\u0022 id=\u0022ack-1\u0022\u003E\u003Ch2 class=\u0022\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003EAcknowledgements\u003C\/strong\u003E\u003C\/h2\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-36\u0022\u003EWe would like to thank Long Yu and Yirong Wang for their assistance with spider rearing and Long Yu for making the figures.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022section fn-group\u0022 id=\u0022fn-group-1\u0022\u003E\u003Ch2\u003EFootnotes\u003C\/h2\u003E\u003Cul\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022fn-conflict\u0022 id=\u0022fn-2\u0022\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-37\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003ECompeting interests\u003C\/strong\u003E\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-38\u0022\u003EThe authors declare no competing or financial interests.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022fn\u0022 id=\u0022fn-3\u0022\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-39\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003EAuthor contributions\u003C\/strong\u003E\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-40\u0022\u003EConceptualization: L.W., S.Z., X.J., D.L.; Methodology: L.W., S.Z., X.J., D.L.; Software: L.W., D.L.; Validation: L.W., S.Z., X.J., D.L.; Formal analysis: L.W., D.L.; Investigation: L.W., Z.Z., F.L., D.L.; Resources: L.W., Z.Z., F.L., D.L.; Data curation: L.W., Z.Z., F.L., D.L.; Writing - original draft: L.W., X.J., D.L.; Writing - review \u0026amp; editing: L.W., Z.Z., S.Z., F.L., X.J., D.L.; Visualization: L.W., X.J., D.L.; Supervision: S.Z., X.J., D.L.; Project administration: L.W., S.Z., D.L.; Funding acquisition: S.Z., D.L.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022fn-financial-disclosure\u0022 id=\u0022fn-4\u0022\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-41\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003EFunding\u003C\/strong\u003E\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-42\u0022\u003EThis study was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) [31572276, 31801979 and 31872229] and Singapore Ministry of Education (MOE) AcRF [R-154-000-B18-114].\u003C\/p\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022fn-supplementary-material\u0022 id=\u0022fn-5\u0022\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-43\u0022\u003E\u003Cstrong\u003ESupplementary information\u003C\/strong\u003E\u003C\/p\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-44\u0022\u003ESupplementary information available online at \u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/lookup\/doi\/10.1242\/bio.056846.supplemental\u0022\u003Ehttps:\/\/www.esdece.com\/lookup\/doi\/10.1242\/bio.056846.supplemental\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/p\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ul\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cul class=\u0022history-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli xmlns:hwp=\u0022http:\/\/schema.highwire.org\/Journal\u0022 class=\u0022received\u0022 hwp:start=\u00222020-09-21\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022received-label\u0022\u003EReceived \u003C\/span\u003ESeptember 21, 2020.\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli xmlns:hwp=\u0022http:\/\/schema.highwire.org\/Journal\u0022 class=\u0022accepted\u0022 hwp:start=\u00222020-10-14\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022accepted-label\u0022\u003EAccepted \u003C\/span\u003EOctober 14, 2020.\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ul\u003E\u003Cul class=\u0022copyright-statement\u0022\u003E\u003Cli class=\u0022fn\u0022 id=\u0022copyright-statement-1\u0022\u003E\u00a9 2020. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ul\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022license\u0022 id=\u0022license-1\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ali-license-ref\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022http:\/\/creativecommons.org\/licenses\/by\/4.0\u0022 rel=\u0022license\u0022\u003Ehttp:\/\/creativecommons.org\/licenses\/by\/4.0\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cp id=\u0022p-2\u0022\u003EThis is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (\u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/creativecommons.org\/licenses\/by\/4.0\u0022 rel=\u0022license\u0022\u003Ehttps:\/\/creativecommons.org\/licenses\/by\/4.0\u003C\/a\u003E), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided that the original work is properly attributed.\u003C\/p\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022section ref-list\u0022 id=\u0022ref-list-1\u0022\u003E\u003Ch2 class=\u0022\u0022\u003EReferences\u003C\/h2\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-list ref-use-labels\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-1-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-1\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.1\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.18637\/jss.v067.i01\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EBates\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ED.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EM\u00e4chler\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EM.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EBolker\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EB.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EWalker\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2015\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EFitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EJ. Stat. Software\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E67\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E1\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E48\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.18637\/jss.v067.i01\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DJ.%2BStat.%2BSoftware%26rft.volume%253D67%26rft.spage%253D1%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.18637%252Fjss.v067.i01%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Apmid%252F23757445%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.18637\/jss.v067.i01\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=23757445\u0026amp;link_type=MED\u0026amp;atom=%2Fbiolopen%2F9%2F11%2Fbio056846.atom\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-medline\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EPubMed\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-2-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-2\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.2\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EBilde\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ET.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EToft\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2000\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EEvaluation of prey for the spider \u003Cem\u003EDicymbium brevisetosum\u003C\/em\u003E Locket (Araneae: Linyphiidae) in single-species and mixed-species diets\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EEkologia (Bratisl.)\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E19\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E9\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E18\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DEkologia%2B%2528Bratisl.%2529%26rft.volume%253D19%26rft.spage%253D9%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-3-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-3\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.3\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1111\/j.1442-9993.2010.02161.x\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EBlamires\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES. J.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2011\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003ENutritional implications for sexual cannibalism in a sexually dimorphic orb web spider\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EAustral. Ecol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E36\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E389\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E394\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1111\/j.1442-9993.2010.02161.x\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DAustral.%2BEcol.%26rft.volume%253D36%26rft.spage%253D389%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1111%252Fj.1442-9993.2010.02161.x%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1111\/j.1442-9993.2010.02161.x\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-4-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-4\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.4\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1111\/j.1365-2311.2009.01095.x\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EBlamires\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES. J.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EHochuli\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ED. F.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EThompson\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EM. B.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2009\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EPrey protein influences growth and decoration building in the orb web spider \u003Cem\u003EArgiope keyserlingi\u003C\/em\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EEcol. Entomol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E34\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E545\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E550\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1111\/j.1365-2311.2009.01095.x\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DEcol.%2BEntomol.%26rft.volume%253D34%26rft.spage%253D545%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1111%252Fj.1365-2311.2009.01095.x%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1111\/j.1365-2311.2009.01095.x\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-5-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-5\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.5\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1098\/rsbl.2011.0103\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EBressendorff\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EB. B.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EToft\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2011\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EDome-shaped functional response induced by nutrient imbalance of the prey\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EBiol. Letters\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E7\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E517\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E520\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1098\/rsbl.2011.0103\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DBiol.%2BLetters%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1098%252Frsbl.2011.0103%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Apmid%252F21367780%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1098\/rsbl.2011.0103\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=21367780\u0026amp;link_type=MED\u0026amp;atom=%2Fbiolopen%2F9%2F11%2Fbio056846.atom\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-medline\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EPubMed\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-6-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-6\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.6\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1126\/science.aat3692\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EChen\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EZ.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ECorlett\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ER. T.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EJiao\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EX.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ELiu\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.-J.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ECharles-Dominique\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ET.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EZhang\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ELi\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EH.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ELai\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ER.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ELong\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EC.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EQuan\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ER.-C.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2018\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EProlonged milk provisioning in a jumping spider\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EScience\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E362\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E1052\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E1055\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1126\/science.aat3692\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DScience%26rft.stitle%253DScience%26rft.aulast%253DChen%26rft.auinit1%253DZ.%26rft.volume%253D362%26rft.issue%253D6418%26rft.spage%253D1052%26rft.epage%253D1055%26rft.atitle%253DProlonged%2Bmilk%2Bprovisioning%2Bin%2Ba%2Bjumping%2Bspider%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1126%252Fscience.aat3692%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Apmid%252F30498127%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/ijlink\/YTozOntzOjQ6InBhdGgiO3M6MTQ6Ii9sb29rdXAvaWpsaW5rIjtzOjU6InF1ZXJ5IjthOjQ6e3M6ODoibGlua1R5cGUiO3M6NDoiQUJTVCI7czoxMToiam91cm5hbENvZGUiO3M6Mzoic2NpIjtzOjU6InJlc2lkIjtzOjEzOiIzNjIvNjQxOC8xMDUyIjtzOjQ6ImF0b20iO3M6Mjk6Ii9iaW9sb3Blbi85LzExL2JpbzA1Njg0Ni5hdG9tIjt9czo4OiJmcmFnbWVudCI7czowOiIiO30=\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-ijlink\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-reflinks-abstract\u0022\u003EAbstract\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-sep cit-reflinks-variant-name-sep\u0022\u003E\/\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-reflinks-full-text\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022free-full-text\u0022\u003EFREE \u003C\/span\u003EFull Text\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-7-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-7\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.7\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1146\/annurev.en.40.010195.000505\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ECohen\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EA. C.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E1995\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EExtra-oral digestion in predaceous terrestrial Arthropoda\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EAnnu. Rev. Entomol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E40\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E85\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E103\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1146\/annurev.en.40.010195.000505\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DAnnual%2Breview%2Bof%2Bentomology%26rft.stitle%253DAnnu%2BRev%2BEntomol%26rft.aulast%253DCohen%26rft.auinit1%253DA.%2BC.%26rft.volume%253D40%26rft.issue%253D1%26rft.spage%253D85%26rft.epage%253D103%26rft.atitle%253DExtra-Oral%2BDigestion%2Bin%2BPredaceous%2BTerrestrial%2BArthropoda%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1146%252Fannurev.en.40.010195.000505%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1146\/annurev.en.40.010195.000505\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=A1995QB58800005\u0026amp;link_type=ISI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-newisilink cit-ref-sprinkles-webofscience\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EWeb of Science\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-8-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-8\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.8\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1038\/282501a0\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EGreenstone\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EM. H.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E1979\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003ESpider feeding behaviour optimises dietary essential amino acid composition\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003ENature\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E282\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E501\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E503\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1038\/282501a0\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DNature%26rft.volume%253D282%26rft.spage%253D501%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1038%252F282501a0%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1038\/282501a0\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=A1979HV64300051\u0026amp;link_type=ISI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-newisilink cit-ref-sprinkles-webofscience\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EWeb of Science\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-9-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-9\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.9\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1111\/j.1469-7998.1988.tb04897.x\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EHallas\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES. E. A.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E1988\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EThe ontogeny of behaviour in \u003Cem\u003EPortia fimbriata\u003C\/em\u003E, \u003Cem\u003EP. labiata\u003C\/em\u003E and \u003Cem\u003EP. schultz\u003C\/em\u003Ei, web-building jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae)\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EJ. Zool.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E215\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E231\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E238\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1111\/j.1469-7998.1988.tb04897.x\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DJ.%2BZool.%26rft.volume%253D215%26rft.spage%253D231%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1111%252Fj.1469-7998.1988.tb04897.x%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1111\/j.1469-7998.1988.tb04897.x\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-10-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-10\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.10\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1046\/j.1365-2435.2001.00491.x\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EHiggins\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EL. E. H.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ERankin\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EM. A. R.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2001\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EMortality risk of rapid growth in the spider \u003Cem\u003ENephila clavipes\u003C\/em\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EFunct. Ecol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E15\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E24\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E28\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1046\/j.1365-2435.2001.00491.x\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DFunct.%2BEcol.%26rft.volume%253D15%26rft.spage%253D24%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1046%252Fj.1365-2435.2001.00491.x%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1046\/j.1365-2435.2001.00491.x\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=000167235300003\u0026amp;link_type=ISI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-newisilink cit-ref-sprinkles-webofscience\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EWeb of Science\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-11-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-11\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.11\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1007\/s00442-010-1811-1\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EJensen\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EK.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EMayntz\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ED.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EToft\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ERaubenheimer\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ED.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ESimpson\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES. J.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2011\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EPrey nutrient composition has different effects on \u003Cem\u003EPardosa\u003C\/em\u003E wolf spiders with dissimilar life histories\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EOecologia\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E165\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E577\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E583\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1007\/s00442-010-1811-1\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.stitle%253DOecologia%26rft.aulast%253DJensen%26rft.auinit1%253DK.%26rft.volume%253D165%26rft.issue%253D3%26rft.spage%253D577%26rft.epage%253D583%26rft.atitle%253DPrey%2Bnutrient%2Bcomposition%2Bhas%2Bdifferent%2Beffects%2Bon%2BPardosa%2Bwolf%2Bspiders%2Bwith%2Bdissimilar%2Blife%2Bhistories.%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1007%252Fs00442-010-1811-1%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Apmid%252F20976606%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1007\/s00442-010-1811-1\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=20976606\u0026amp;link_type=MED\u0026amp;atom=%2Fbiolopen%2F9%2F11%2Fbio056846.atom\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-medline\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EPubMed\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-12-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-12\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.12\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1146\/annurev-ento-011019-025017\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EJing\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EX.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EBehmer\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES. T.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2020\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EInsect sterol nutrition: physiological mechanisms, ecology, and applications\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EAnnu. Rev. Entomol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E65\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E251\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E271\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1146\/annurev-ento-011019-025017\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DAnnu.%2BRev.%2BEntomol.%26rft.volume%253D65%26rft.spage%253D251%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1146%252Fannurev-ento-011019-025017%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1146\/annurev-ento-011019-025017\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-13-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-13\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.13\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1016\/j.anbehav.2014.02.031\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EJohnson\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EJ. C.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EMiles\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EL. S.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ETrubl\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EP. J.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EHagenmaier\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EA.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2014\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EMaternal effects on egg investment and offspring performance in black widow spiders\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EAnim. Behav.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E91\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E67\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E73\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1016\/j.anbehav.2014.02.031\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DAnim.%2BBehav.%26rft.volume%253D91%26rft.spage%253D67%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1016%252Fj.anbehav.2014.02.031%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1016\/j.anbehav.2014.02.031\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-14-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-14\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.14\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1016\/0306-4565(96)00009-5\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ELi\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ED.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EJackson\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ER. R.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E1996a\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EHow temperature affects development and reproduction in spiders: a review\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EJ. Therm. Biol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E21\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E245\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E274\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1016\/0306-4565(96)00009-5\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DJ.%2BTherm.%2BBiol.%26rft.volume%253D21%26rft.spage%253D245%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1016%252F0306-4565%252896%252900009-5%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1016\/0306-4565(96)00009-5\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=A1996VD92900007\u0026amp;link_type=ISI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-newisilink cit-ref-sprinkles-webofscience\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EWeb of Science\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-15-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-15\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.15\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1007\/BF02213884\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ELi\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ED.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EJackson\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ER. R.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E1996b\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EPrey preferences of \u003Cem\u003EPortia fimbriata\u003C\/em\u003E, an araneophagic, web-building jumping spider (Araneae: Salticidae) from Queensland\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EJ. Insect Behav.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E9\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E613\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E642\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1007\/BF02213884\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DJ.%2BInsect%2BBehav.%26rft.volume%253D9%26rft.spage%253D613%26rft.atitle%253DPREY%2BPREFERENCES%2BOF%2BPORTIA%2BFIMBRIATA%252C%2BAN%2BARANEOPHAGIC%252C%2BWEB-BUILDING%2BJUMPING%2BSPIDER%2B%2528ARANEAE%253A%2BSALTICIDAE%2529%2BFROM%2BQUEENSLAND%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1007%252FBF02213884%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1007\/BF02213884\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-16-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-16\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.16\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1139\/z97-792\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ELi\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ED.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EJackson\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ER. R.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E1997\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EInfluence of diet on survivorship and growth in \u003Cem\u003EPortia fimbriata\u003C\/em\u003E, an araneophagic jumping spider (Araneae: Salticidae)\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003ECan. J. Zool.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E75\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E1652\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E1658\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1139\/z97-792\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DCan.%2BJ.%2BZool.%26rft.volume%253D75%26rft.spage%253D1652%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1139%252Fz97-792%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1139\/z97-792\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-17-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-17\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.17\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1016\/j.zool.2016.04.004\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EL\u00edznarov\u00e1\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EE.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EPek\u00e1r\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2016\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EMetabolic specialisation on preferred prey and constraints in the utilisation of alternative prey in an ant-eating spider\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EZoology\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E119\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E464\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E470\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1016\/j.zool.2016.04.004\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DZoology%26rft.volume%253D119%26rft.spage%253D464%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1016%252Fj.zool.2016.04.004%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1016\/j.zool.2016.04.004\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-18-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-18\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.18\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ELowrie\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ED. C.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E1987\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EEffects of diet on the development of \u003Cem\u003ELoxosceles laeta\u003C\/em\u003E (Nicolet) (Araneae, Loxoscelidae)\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EJ. Arachnol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E15\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E303\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E308\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DJ.%2BArachnol.%26rft.volume%253D15%26rft.spage%253D303%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=A1987M872100002\u0026amp;link_type=ISI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-newisilink cit-ref-sprinkles-webofscience\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EWeb of Science\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-19-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-19\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.19\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1046\/j.1570-7458.1999.00521.x\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EMarcussen\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EB. M.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EAxelsen\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EJ. A.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EToft\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E1999\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EThe value of two Collembola species as food for a linyphiid spider\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EEntomol. Exp. Appl.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E92\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E29\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E36\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1046\/j.1570-7458.1999.00521.x\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DEntomol.%2BExp.%2BAppl.%26rft.volume%253D92%26rft.spage%253D29%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1046%252Fj.1570-7458.1999.00521.x%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1046\/j.1570-7458.1999.00521.x\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-20-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-20\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.20\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1007\/s004420000591\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EMayntz\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ED.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EToft\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2001\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003ENutrient composition of the prey\u0027s diet affects growth and survivorship of a generalist predator\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EOecologia\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E127\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E207\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E213\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1007\/s004420000591\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DOecologia%26rft.volume%253D127%26rft.spage%253D207%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1007%252Fs004420000591%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Apmid%252F24577651%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1007\/s004420000591\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=24577651\u0026amp;link_type=MED\u0026amp;atom=%2Fbiolopen%2F9%2F11%2Fbio056846.atom\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-medline\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EPubMed\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=000168395600008\u0026amp;link_type=ISI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-newisilink cit-ref-sprinkles-webofscience\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EWeb of Science\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-21-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-21\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.21\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1078\/1439-1791-00094\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EOelbermann\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EK.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EScheu\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2002\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EEffects of prey type and mixed diets on survival, growth and development of a generalist predator, \u003Cem\u003EPardosa lugubris\u003C\/em\u003E (Araneae: Lycosidae)\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EBasic Appl. Ecol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E3\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E285\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E291\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1078\/1439-1791-00094\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DBasic%2BAppl.%2BEcol.%26rft.volume%253D3%26rft.spage%253D285%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1078%252F1439-1791-00094%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1078\/1439-1791-00094\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-22-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-22\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.22\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1371\/journal.pone.0054583\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EPeng\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EY.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EZhang\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EF.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EGui\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EQiao\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EH.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EHose\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EG. C.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2013\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EComparative growth and development of spiders reared on live and dead prey\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EPLoS ONE\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E8\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E1\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E5\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1371\/journal.pone.0083663\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DPLoS%2BONE%26rft.volume%253D8%26rft.spage%253D1%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0054583%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Apmid%252F23620825%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1371\/journal.pone.0054583\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=23620825\u0026amp;link_type=MED\u0026amp;atom=%2Fbiolopen%2F9%2F11%2Fbio056846.atom\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-medline\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EPubMed\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-23-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-23\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-book\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.23\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth cit-collab\u0022\u003ER Core Team\u003C\/span\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2020\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-source\u0022\u003E\u003Cem\u003ER: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing\u003C\/em\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-publ-loc\u0022\u003EVienna\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-publ-loc\u0022\u003EAustria\u003C\/span\u003E: \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-publ-name\u0022\u003ER Foundation for Statistical Computing\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-comment\u0022\u003EAvailable from: \u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/www.R-project.org\/\u0022\u003Ehttps:\/\/www.R-project.org\/\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-24-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-24\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.24\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1111\/j.1365-2435.2006.01077.x\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ERickers\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ELangel\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ER.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EScheu\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2006\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EDietary routing of nutrients from prey to offspring in a generalist predator: effects of prey quality\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EFunct. Ecol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E20\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E124\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E131\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1111\/j.1365-2435.2006.01077.x\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DFunct.%2BEcol.%26rft.volume%253D20%26rft.spage%253D124%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1111%252Fj.1365-2435.2006.01077.x%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1111\/j.1365-2435.2006.01077.x\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-25-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-25\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-book\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.25\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ERiechert\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES. E.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EHarp\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EJ. M.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E1987\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003ENutritional ecology of spiders\u003C\/span\u003E. In \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-source\u0022\u003E\u003Cem\u003ENutritional Ecology of Insects Mites and Spiders\u003C\/em\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E (ed. \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-ed\u0022\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EJ. G.\u003C\/span\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ERodriguez\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-ed\u0022\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EF.\u003C\/span\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ESlansky\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E), pp. \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E645\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E672\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-publ-loc\u0022\u003ENew York\u003C\/span\u003E: \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-publ-name\u0022\u003EWiley\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-26-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-26\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.26\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1007\/s00265-010-1132-8\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ESalomon\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EM.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EMayntz\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ED.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EToft\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ELubin\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EY.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2011\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EMaternal nutrition affects offspring performance via maternal care in a subsocial spider\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EBehav. Ecol. Sociobiol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E65\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E1191\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E1202\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1007\/s00265-010-1132-8\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DBehav.%2BEcol.%2BSociobiol.%26rft.volume%253D65%26rft.spage%253D1191%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1007%252Fs00265-010-1132-8%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1007\/s00265-010-1132-8\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-27-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-27\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.27\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1080\/09583150120035657\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ESigsgaard\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EL.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EToft\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EVillareal\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2001\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EDiet-dependent survival, development and fecundity of the spider \u003Cem\u003EAtypena formosana\u003C\/em\u003E (Oi) (Araneae: Linyphiidae)--implications for biological control in rice\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EBiocontrol. Sci. Tech.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E11\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E233\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E244\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1080\/09583150120035657\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DBiocontrol.%2BSci.%2BTech.%26rft.volume%253D11%26rft.spage%253D233%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1080%252F09583150120035657%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1080\/09583150120035657\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-28-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-28\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.28\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ESingmann\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EH.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EBolker\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EB.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EWestfall\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EJ.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EAust\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EF.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2016\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-comment\u0022\u003Eafex: analysis of factorial experiments. R package version 0.16-1. \u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/CRAN.R-project.org\/package=afex\u0022\u003Ehttps:\/\/CRAN.R-project.org\/package=afex\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-29-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-29\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.29\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.2307\/2404652\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EToft\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E1995\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EValue of the aphid \u003Cem\u003ERhopalosiphum padi\u003C\/em\u003E as food for cereal spiders\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EJ. Appl. Ecol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E32\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E552\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E560\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.2307\/2404652\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DJ.%2BAppl.%2BEcol.%26rft.volume%253D32%26rft.spage%253D552%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.2307%252F2404652%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.2307\/2404652\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=A1995RQ01500010\u0026amp;link_type=ISI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-newisilink cit-ref-sprinkles-webofscience\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EWeb of Science\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-30-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-30\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.30\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.14411\/eje.2005.054\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EToft\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2005\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EThe quality of aphids as food for generalist predators: implications for natural control of aphids\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EEur. J. Entomol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E102\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E371\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E383\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.14411\/eje.2005.054\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DEur.%2BJ.%2BEntomol.%26rft.volume%253D102%26rft.spage%253D371%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.14411%252Feje.2005.054%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.14411\/eje.2005.054\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-31-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-31\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-book\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.31\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EToft\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2013\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003ENutritional aspects of spider feeding\u003C\/span\u003E. In \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-source\u0022\u003E\u003Cem\u003ESpider Ecophysiology\u003C\/em\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E (ed. \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-ed\u0022\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EW.\u003C\/span\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ENentwig\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E), pp. \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E373\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E384\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-publ-loc\u0022\u003EBerlin, Heidelberg\u003C\/span\u003E: \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-publ-name\u0022\u003ESpringer Berlin Heidelberg\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-32-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-32\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.32\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1007\/s004420050776\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EToft\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EWise\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ED. H.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E1999\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EGrowth, development, and survival of a generalist predator fed single- and mixed-species diets of different quality\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EOecologia\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E119\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E191\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E197\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1007\/s004420050776\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DOecologia%26rft.volume%253D119%26rft.spage%253D191%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1007%252Fs004420050776%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1007\/s004420050776\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=000080321100006\u0026amp;link_type=ISI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-newisilink cit-ref-sprinkles-webofscience\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EWeb of Science\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-33-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-33\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.33\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EUetz\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EG. W.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E1992\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003ESurvivorship of wolf spiders (Lycosidae) reared on different diets\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EJ. Arachnol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E20\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E207\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E211\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DJ.%2BArachnol.%26rft.volume%253D20%26rft.spage%253D207%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=A1992KX18200008\u0026amp;link_type=ISI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-newisilink cit-ref-sprinkles-webofscience\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EWeb of Science\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-34-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-34\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.34\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1111\/ele.13186\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EUgine\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ET. A.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EKrasnoff\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES. B.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EGrebenok\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ER. J.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EBehmer\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES. T.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ELosey\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EJ. E.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2019\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EPrey nutrient content creates omnivores out of predators\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EEcol. Lett.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E22\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E275\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E283\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1111\/ele.13186\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DEcol.%2BLett.%26rft.volume%253D22%26rft.spage%253D275%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1111%252Fele.13186%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1111\/ele.13186\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-35-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-35\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.35\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1111\/oik.04766\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EWiggins\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EW. D.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EWilder\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES. M.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2018\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EMismatch between dietary requirements for lipid by a predator and availability of lipid in prey\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EOikos\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E127\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E1024\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E1032\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1111\/oik.04766\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DOikos%26rft.volume%253D127%26rft.spage%253D1024%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1111%252Foik.04766%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1111\/oik.04766\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-36-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-36\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.36\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1016\/B978-0-12-387668-3.00002-7\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EWilder\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES. M.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2011\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003ESpider nutrition: an integrative perspective\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EAdv. Insect Physiol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E40\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E87\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E136\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1016\/B978-0-12-387668-3.00002-7\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DAdv.%2BInsect%2BPhysiol.%26rft.volume%253D40%26rft.spage%253D87%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1016%252FB978-0-12-387668-3.00002-7%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1016\/B978-0-12-387668-3.00002-7\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-37-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-37\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.37\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1016\/j.anbehav.2008.01.023\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EWilder\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES. M.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ERypstra\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EA. L.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2008\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EDiet quality affects mating behaviour and egg production in a wolf spider\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EAnim. Behav.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E76\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E439\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E445\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1016\/j.anbehav.2008.01.023\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DAnim.%2BBehav.%26rft.volume%253D76%26rft.spage%253D439%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1016%252Fj.anbehav.2008.01.023%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1016\/j.anbehav.2008.01.023\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=000257642200020\u0026amp;link_type=ISI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-newisilink cit-ref-sprinkles-webofscience\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EWeb of Science\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-38-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-38\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.38\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1016\/j.jinsphys.2017.06.007\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EWilder\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ES. M.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E and \u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003ESchneider\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EJ. M.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2017\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003EMicronutrient consumption by female \u003Cem\u003EArgiope bruennichi\u003C\/em\u003E affects offspring survival\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EJ. Insect Physiol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E100\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E128\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E132\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1016\/j.jinsphys.2017.06.007\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DJ.%2BInsect%2BPhysiol.%26rft.volume%253D100%26rft.spage%253D128%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1016%252Fj.jinsphys.2017.06.007%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1016\/j.jinsphys.2017.06.007\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-39-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-39\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-journal\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.39\u0022 data-doi=\u002210.1146\/annurev.ento.51.110104.150947\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EWise\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003ED. H.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E2006\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-article-title\u0022\u003ECannibalism, food limitation, intraspecific competition, and the regulation of spider populations\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cabbr class=\u0022cit-jnl-abbrev\u0022\u003EAnnu. Rev. Entomol.\u003C\/abbr\u003E \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-vol\u0022\u003E51\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-fpage\u0022\u003E441\u003C\/span\u003E-\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-lpage\u0022\u003E465\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-sep cit-pub-id-doi-sep\u0022\u003E \u003C\/span\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id cit-pub-id-doi\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-id-scheme-doi\u0022\u003Edoi:\u003C\/span\u003E10.1146\/annurev.ento.51.110104.150947\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022{openurl}?query=rft.jtitle%253DAnnual%2Breview%2Bof%2Bentomology%26rft.stitle%253DAnnu%2BRev%2BEntomol%26rft.aulast%253DWise%26rft.auinit1%253DD.%2BH.%26rft.volume%253D51%26rft.spage%253D441%26rft.epage%253D465%26rft.atitle%253DCannibalism%252C%2Bfood%2Blimitation%252C%2Bintraspecific%2Bcompetition%252C%2Band%2Bthe%2Bregulation%2Bof%2Bspider%2Bpopulations.%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1146%252Fannurev.ento.51.110104.150947%26rft_id%253Dinfo%253Apmid%252F16332219%26rft.genre%253Darticle%26rft_val_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Ajournal%26ctx_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ver%253DZ39.88-2004%26url_ctx_fmt%253Dinfo%253Aofi%252Ffmt%253Akev%253Amtx%253Actx\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-openurl cit-ref-sprinkles-open-url\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EOpenUrl\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=10.1146\/annurev.ento.51.110104.150947\u0026amp;link_type=DOI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-doi cit-ref-sprinkles-crossref\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003ECrossRef\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=16332219\u0026amp;link_type=MED\u0026amp;atom=%2Fbiolopen%2F9%2F11%2Fbio056846.atom\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-medline\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EPubMed\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022\/lookup\/external-ref?access_num=000234873300020\u0026amp;link_type=ISI\u0022 class=\u0022cit-ref-sprinkles cit-ref-sprinkles-newisilink cit-ref-sprinkles-webofscience\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan\u003EWeb of Science\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022ref-label ref-label-empty\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003Ca class=\u0022rev-xref-ref\u0022 href=\u0022#xref-ref-40-1\u0022 title=\u0022View reference in text\u0022 id=\u0022ref-40\u0022\u003E\u21b5\u003C\/a\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit ref-cit ref-book\u0022 id=\u0022cit-9.11.bio056846.40\u0022\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-metadata\u0022\u003E\u003Col class=\u0022cit-auth-list\u0022\u003E\u003Cli\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-auth\u0022\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-surname\u0022\u003EZhao\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-name-given-names\u0022\u003EJ.\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003Ccite\u003E (\u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-pub-date\u0022\u003E1993\u003C\/span\u003E). \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-source\u0022\u003E\u003Cem\u003ESpiders in the Cotton Fields in China\u003C\/em\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E. \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-publ-loc\u0022\u003EWuhan\u003C\/span\u003E, \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-publ-loc\u0022\u003EChina\u003C\/span\u003E: \u003Cspan class=\u0022cit-publ-name\u0022\u003EWuhan Publishing House\u003C\/span\u003E.\u003C\/cite\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022cit-extra\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003C\/li\u003E\u003C\/ol\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cspan class=\u0022highwire-journal-article-marker-end\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cspan id=\u0022related-urls\u0022\u003E\u003C\/span\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Ca href=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/content\/9\/11\/bio056846.abstract\u0022 class=\u0022hw-link hw-link-article-abstract\u0022 data-icon-position=\u0022\u0022 data-hide-link-title=\u00220\u0022\u003EView Abstract\u003C\/a\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E \u003C\/div\u003E\n\n \n \u003C\/div\u003E\n\u003Cdiv class=\u0022panel-separator\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cdiv class=\u0022panel-pane pane-highwire-article-trendmd\u0022 \u003E\n \n \n \n \u003Cdiv class=\u0022pane-content\u0022\u003E\n \u003Cdiv id=\u0022trendmd-suggestions\u0022\u003E\u003C\/div\u003E \u003C\/div\u003E\n\n \n \u003C\/div\u003E\n\u003C\/div\u003E\n \u003C\/div\u003E\n\u003C\/div\u003E\n\u003C\/div\u003E\u003Cscript type=\u0022text\/javascript\u0022 src=\u0022https:\/\/www.esdece.com\/sites\/default\/files\/js\/js_4LCZzWROmCv0Fe_rbLuJmhpHNPsWUGK_-dhPzmPpIyc.js\u0022\u003E\u003C\/script\u003E\n\u003C\/body\u003E\u003C\/html\u003E"}曰本女人牲交全视频播放_av在线亚洲男人的天堂_国内少妇自拍区视频免费